Sprinkler irrigation system includes the application of water in the form of a spray, somewhat resembling rainfall. It is suitable for almost all crops on moist soils and on lands of wide range of topographic conditions.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Sprinkler Irrigation
Sprinkler irrigation method has both advantages and disadvantages. Advantages and disadvantages are described briefly below.
Advantages of Sprinkler Irrigation System
The advantages of sprinkler irrigation system are as follows.
- Water measurement is easier than surface irrigation system.
- Less interference with cultivation and less land loss.
- Higher application efficiency.
- High and frequent application can be effectively accomplished.
- Easy mechanization and automation.
Disadvantages of Sprinkler Irrigation System
The disadvantages of sprinkler irrigation are listed below.
- High initial cost.
- High operating cost.
- Wind drift.
- A stable water supply is needed.
- Saline water may cause problem.
- Water must be free from sand, debris and large amount of salt.
Components and Types of Sprinkler System
The sprinkler irrigation system includes sprinkler, the riser pipe, the lateral distribution pipe, the main line pipe and the pumping plant.