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Geotechnical Engineering

How to Protect Natural Slopes From Continuous Erosion?

natural slope protection

What is the main issue with Continuous Erosion? The clue is in the name – it is continuous. On bare soil just one drop of rain will dislodge soil particles. If you consider this in terms of a normal rain shower then there can be significant movement in these natural ... Read More »

Pile Foundation – How To Install Piles In A Pile Foundation

pile foundation

Pile Foundation Pile foundations can be defined as a special type of deep foundation, where piles are used to transfer the loads from the low bearing capacity soil to the high soil bearing capacity strata at depth. Pile foundations are generally used for large structures. It is also used in ... Read More »

How To Build a Garage Foundation

garage foundation building process

Garage Foundation construction can be tricky if you do not have a general knowledge on construction and construction materials. There are specific steps that need to be taken to ensure that the garage foundation is sturdy and will hold the weight of the garage structure plus the weight of the ... Read More »

Slab on Grade Foundation – Advantages, Disadvantages and Uses of Slab Foundations

slab foundation on grade

Slab on grade foundations are also commonly known as floating slab foundations. The foundation is formed using a mold that is set into the ground rather than digging a basement for the structure. There is no space between the ground and the poured concrete. Uses of Slab Foundations Slab foundations ... Read More »

Two Column Footings – Basics of Combined Footing Design

combined footings - 2 column footing design

It is desirable to design combined footing so that the centroid of the footing area coincides with the resultant of the two column loads. This produces uniform bearing pressure over the entire area and forestalls a tendency for footings to tilt. In plane, such footing are rectangular, trapezoidal, or T ... Read More »

Concrete Block Foundation – Advantages and Disadvantages of Concrete Block Foundations

concrete block foundation

Concrete block foundations are built using concrete blocks that are typically 8 inches by 16 inches. Although they do come in various sizes, this is the size that is most commonly used for foundations. The concrete blocks rest on a concrete footing that has been poured deep and wide enough ... Read More »

4 Functions Of Pile Foundation – Why Piles Are Used

compile foundation functions

When the soil beneath the level at which a footing or raft would normally be established is too weak or too compressible to provide adequate support, the loads are transferred to more suitable material at a greater depth by means of piles or piers. The distinction between the two is ... Read More »

Comparative Study Between Combined Footing, Strip Footing and Mat foundation

combined footings - 2 column

Combined Footings Spread footings that support more than one column or wall are known as combined footing. They can be divided into two categories: those that support two columns and those that support more than two columns. Combined Footings – Two Column Two-column combined footings are seen become necessary in 2 situations: If ... Read More »

Spread Foundations – Types and When To Use Spread Footing Foundations

spread foundation

The horizontal outline of the most common spread footing foundation types are given. A wall footing is simply a strip of reinforced concrete, wider than the wall that distributes its pressure. Single-column footings are usually square, sometimes rectangular, and represent the simplest and most economical type. Their use under exterior columns meets with ... Read More »

5 Common House Foundation Problems and Solutions

basement foundation crack

One of the biggest headaches that homeowners face regarding home repairs and maintenance is when the foundation of the house begins to shift or crack. There are usually simple and easy fixes for foundation problems if they are caught early enough. It is always good stewardship to check basement walls ... Read More »

Common Methods Used For Bracing Sides of Shallow Excavations

shallow excavation techniques - bracing sides

The foundations for most structure are established below the surface of the ground. Therefore, they cannot be constructed until the soil or rock above the base level of the foundation has been excavated. Ordinarily it is not the function of the foundation engineer to select the equipment for excavating at ... Read More »

How To Build a Building Foundation – 10 Steps

lets build a foundation for a building

When constructing a foundation for a building, it is generally best to have a professional come in and do most of the work. There are some skilled do-it-yourselves out there, though, who can properly build a foundation for a small outbuilding. A civil engineer must to know the details of ... Read More »

Differential Settlement of Soil – Factors To Consider in Foundation Design

differential settlement of soil - foundation crack

The substructure or foundation is the part of a structure that is usually placed below the surface of the ground and that transmits the load to the underlying soil or rock. 2 Important Factors in Foundation Design Regarding Settlement The two essential requirements in the design of foundations are that ... Read More »

How To Build a Shed Foundation: 5 Simple Steps

shed foundation building - 5 steps

When building a shed foundation, there are two basic categories: on-grade and frost-proof. Most sheds are built using on-grade foundations as they are the simpler of the two. Frost-proof or permanent foundations are much more difficult to build and they are strong and long-lasting. On-grade foundations do not require deep ... Read More »

How To Repair Concrete Foundation Cracks – 5 Simple Steps

foundation crack fix

Foundations will shift and settle over time and cracks will form. Many times minor cracks do not cause any really problems to the structural integrity of the structure. It is essential, however, to stop the cracks from spreading and becoming problematic in the future. It can be relatively simple to ... Read More »

Foundation Crack – Cost of Cracked Foundation Repair

house foundation crack

Cracked foundations can be disastrous for a structure. The most common cause of a cracked foundation is settlement. As the foundation shifts and settles into the ground over time, cracks can occur. Depending upon the severity of the settlement the cost of cracked foundation repair will vary. Cracked Foundation Repair ... Read More »

Earthquake Proof Building Design Summary

earthquake resistant building for safety

The aim of earthquake resistant building design is to prevent total collapse of building structures. It saves human lives. It relies on ductility (ability to deform inelastically) and redundancy (many load path). The aim of earthquake proof building design is also to control structural and nonstructural damage in structures. It ... Read More »

Caisson Foundation | Types, Uses, Advantages and Disadvantages of Caisson Foundation

caisson foundations

Caisson Foundation Caisson foundation is also known as pier foundation. Caisson is a cylinder or hollow box that is sunk into the ground to a specified depth by auguring a deep hole into the strata. The cylinder or box is then back filled with concrete, thus creating the foundation. This ... Read More »

Foundation Construction Requirements and Foundation Failure Causes

Building Construction Process

Foundation Construction Requirements For a good building foundation construction, there are some requirements to be followed in general. These helps foundation to provide stability and increase bearing capacity. Foundations should be such that it can easily carry dead load and imposed load of the structure and transfer the loads to ... Read More »

Shallow Foundation | Advantages and Disadvantages of Shallow Foundation

shallow foundation

Shallow foundations are the foundations that have a depth less than or equal to its width. Advantages of Shallow Foundation Foundations with shallow depths are beneficial for some aspects. Some advantages of shallow foundation is listed below. Shallow foundation is convenient for foundations having depth is equal or less than the ... Read More »